When you sign up for a domain name, you are also signing up for what is known as the root domain. This domain is sometimes referred to as the naked domain or the zone apex. There are simply two components, which are the name you want to use and the extension. Accordingly, “chocolateyfish” is the name you’ve selected for the website, and “.com” is the extension. One example of this is the website chocolateyfish.com. chocolateyfish.com is a root domain when taken as a whole.
gTLD stands for “generic top-level domain,” and ccTLD stands for “country-code top-level domain” (country code top-level domain). The generic top-level domains (gTLDs) comprise several of the most prevalent forms of extension, such as.com and.net, in addition to the new top-level domains (nTLDs), such as.photos and.pizza. ccTLDs, or country code top-level domains, are the extensions of websites that end in two-letter country codes, such as.ca,.de, or.nz.
Every generic top-level domain (gTLD) has its own set of norms and regulations, which are overseen by the governing organization ICANN. However, the separate registries for each nation come up with their own set of regulations and policies for each ccTLD. Because of this, you can find that the regulations and criteria are very different from one another.
When you go to the website chocolateyfish.com, you won’t see anything at the beginning before the word “chocolaty,” such as “www,” “blog,” or “store.” The addition of any of these is referred to as a subdomain. However, despite the fact that names beginning with www, such as www.chocolateyfish.com, are much more prevalent than shop.chocolatelyfish.com, both of these addresses are considered to be subdomains. Therefore, you are unable to register a subdomain, including one beginning with www. Only root domains are available for registration.
Domain names are often read from right to left, despite the fact that this may appear to be backwards.
The domain name begins with a period (. ), which is not often shown in web browsers.
Following that comes the extension, often known as the top-level domain, such as.com or.nz.
After that comes the root domain, which is the part that you may register and the part that is already given to you (for example, chocolateyfish.com).
A subdomain is any domain that comes after the root domain. You are free to create as many subdomains for your domain name as you see fit, up to the maximum length that is permitted for a domain name, which is a combined total of 253 characters. On the other hand, the length of each ‘level’ cannot exceed 63 characters. For example, using “mydomain.com,” one might generate anything along the lines of “this.is.a.subdomain.of.mydomain.com.”
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